In the coming decades, high-precision agriculture will be more sustainable than ever due to the creation of IoT sensors, which will improve agricultural performance and significantly reduce costs in agriculture fields.
The UN estimates that the world’s population will reach 9.7 billion by 2050. This population growth will also increase world agricultural production by 69% between 2010 and 2050.
To meet this demand, farmers and agricultural companies are turning to the Internet of Things for greater analysis and production capacity and results of surgical precision.
Technological innovation in agriculture is nothing new. Portable tools were the standard hundreds of years ago, and then the Industrial Revolution significantly changed the way each industry was run.
In the 19th century, grain harvesting equipment, chemical fertilizers and the first motorized tractor were invented.
At the end of the twentieth century farmers were already using satellite accuracy to plan their agricultural operations.
IoT is set to take the future of agriculture to the next level. Smart farming is already becoming more common among farmers, and high-tech farming is fast becoming the standard thanks to agricultural drones and sensors.
Below, we present IoT applications in agriculture and how the “Internet of Agricultural Objects” will help farmers meet the world’s food demands in the coming years.
High precision agriculture
Farmers have been using some advanced farming techniques and technologies for several years to improve the efficiency of day-to-day farming operations.
The sensors located on the agricultural plantations allow farmers to obtain detailed maps of both the topography and resources in the area, as well as variables such as acidity, temperature and soil conditions. They can also access detailed weather forecasts to forecast weather conditions in the coming days and even weeks.
Farmers can use their smartphones to remotely monitor equipment, crops and even animal farms. They can use this technology to make predictions, statistical data, both for field crops, horticulture and vineyards, and for the environmental conditions of animal farms.
In this technology revolution for high-precision sustainable agriculture, drones have become an invaluable tool for farmers to monitor their land and generate accurate crop data.
John Deere, one of the biggest names in the agricultural equipment industry, began connecting his tractors to the internet and sending farmers accurate data on the state of the crops.
Similar to smart cars, the company is a pioneer in self-driving tractors, which would free up farmers to perform other tasks and further increase efficiency.
All of these techniques use IoT sensors to build high-precision, intelligent agriculture that uses satellite imagery and data provided by IoT sensors to observe and record data to improve agricultural production while reducing costs and saving resources. .
The future of agriculture: IoT, sensors and agricultural drones
The evolution of blockchain technology is making its way to IoT and could become an important part of the agricultural sector due to its ability to provide companies with accurate crop data.
Farmers can use sensors to collect crop data, which are written on the blockchain and include identification factors, as well as nutrient content and pH levels.
Business Insider Intelligence estimates that 12 million agricultural sensors will be installed globally by 2023. In addition, technology giant IBM estimates that the average farm can generate half a million data points a day – helping farmers improve yields and grow profits.
Given all the potential benefits of these IoT applications in agriculture, it is understandable that farmers are increasingly turning to agricultural drones and satellites for the future of sustainable agriculture.
Drones allow farmers to monitor how advanced their crops are during their growing season.
In addition, farmers can accurately spray diseased crops with drones exactly where they are needed and exactly when they are needed.
DroneFly estimates that drones can spray fertilizer 40 to 60 times faster and feel more effective than manual or ground equipment spraying.
It is obvious that the future in agriculture is strongly connected to IoT and things will evolve in a sustainable and precise direction, for the conservation and protection of the environment.