The impact of climate change on sustainable agriculture makes farmers aware of the importance of monitoring the weather and soil nutrition in increasing crop yields. It is thus desired to avoid total losses, more and more frequent in recent years for outdoor agriculture.
Unlike other industries, the weather is the most important element that affects the yield of agricultural crops. It can influence the growth of crops, the total yield, the appearance of pests, the need for water and fertilizers and all agricultural activities carried out during the growing season.
In other words, outdoor agriculture depends to a large extent on weather and is subject to its unpredictable conditions, beyond human control, necessary or greater involved in sustainable agriculture.
How climate change influences agricultural production
A farmer cannot fight the weather and cannot control it. However, he must accept the given situation and use intelligent, advanced technology, as well as the Teraseya Base device. Thus, it can anticipate possible problems, minimize losses and increase the yield of agricultural crops.
Therefore, accurate weather information is vital for agricultural activities and their informed planning, thus avoiding unforeseen events.
Having real-time weather information, such as air temperature, rainfall and humidity, is the best way to protect crops and ensure a high and healthy yield.
Extreme weather, such as drought, floods, hail or frost can cause instantaneous plant stress, leading to failed production, catastrophic losses and a considerable increase in costs.
The only way to manage and ensure the profitable production of crops is the exact weather forecast and the knowledge of the soil conditions, the most important aspects for a sustainable, efficient agriculture.
Weather monitoring – the success in sustainable agriculture
Crop growth is closely linked to the weather. Some crops require certain high or low temperatures to begin germination and further development.
On the other hand, temperatures in combination with humidity are often used to predict various occurrences of pests and diseases. Based on this information, farmers can plan periods of sowing, protection, harvesting and other field activities to avoid adverse weather effects, rising costs and losses.
Weather monitoring devices, increasingly advanced in recent years, offer a set of measurement options to provide useful information about soil and crop conditions, some of which are:
- Air and soil temperature
- Relative humidity
- Soil moisture
- Wind speed / direction
All measured parameters can be used for specific field operations, such as a planned irrigation program, pest alert models, and determining the right time for fertilization and crop protection.
Agriculture based on accurate meteorological data is crucial for the successful management of the farm and a Teraseya Base device can ensure quantifiable successes in field crops, horticulture and vineyards. More importantly, it ensures sustainable agriculture, thus protecting the environment.
Farmers today use systems to accurately measure environmental conditions called weather stations. Different types are also available depending on a number of measured parameters, working accuracy and working range.
Although it is affected by the many consequences of climate change, agriculture must be more productive and sustainable than ever, this being possible only in collaboration with artificial intelligence. This is why the Teraseya Base device was created. In this way, accurate weather monitoring is essential for healthy plant growth, but especially to increase productivity and profitability.
The importance of soil nutrition in sustainable agriculture
Climate change is affecting the way we grow food, but you may not know that the way food is grown has a significant effect on the environment.
This interaction is at the heart of the Agricultural Research Service’s (ARS) research called “Soil and Air,” a concerted effort to feed Earth’s 7.5 billion people while protecting the planet’s human footprint. Farmers produce food at the intersection of soil and air, which significantly affects soil and air quality.
For example, warmer air creates a warmer soil, leading to different compositions of bacteria and other microbes in the ecosystem and increased moisture loss through evaporation. Soils can act as a “sink” by storing excess carbon in the atmosphere and, in turn, improving the soil’s ability to retain moisture and nutrients.
The same goes for air. When a farmer adds nutrients to field crops, some of these nutrients are oxidized and lost to the air, increasing the level of greenhouse gases. More greenhouse gases mean a warmer overall climate, more variable weather and an increased likelihood of extreme weather.
In the Agricultural Research Service, scientists are working to improve the relationship between agriculture and natural resources and optimize the application of nitrogen fertilizers to several types of crops. When applied to the soil, nitrogen is a crucial additive that promotes plant growth.
When the same nitrogen escapes from the soil, it becomes nitrogen oxide, a greenhouse gas. Smart devices for sustainable agriculture, such as Teraseya Base, monitor soil conditions and nutrition with unparalleled accuracy.
Although naturally present in the atmosphere, nitrogen oxide absorbs heat from the sun. Too much nitrogen oxide raises the global temperature. Although technology and human development have brought the planet into this situation, technology also makes available to farmers, at more than affordable prices, devices with integrated artificial intelligence, which determines with the utmost precision the optimal time for nitrogen application and the right amount, thus avoiding increase of greenhouse gases. Scientists have developed smart devices that allow farmers to determine how much and when to add nitrogen to the soil, devices like Teraseya Base.
Irrigation and monitoring devices
Irrigation is necessary for any field crop, in horticulture and vineyards and the precise establishment of the amount of water needed for each field crop, for each type of soil, leads to an incredible water saving, but especially to increase profitability and of yields.
From now on, more and more emphasis will be placed on sustainable agriculture and the combination of scientific studies with the precision of artificial intelligence will be inevitable.
Due to climate change, sustainable and efficient agriculture without the help of technology and artificial intelligence will be a total failure, in this area where success depends on temperature, precipitation and accurate data.
There are countless devices on the market, taken together or separately, depending on the needs, which are a real help for profitability in agriculture.